Facial Spider Veins
Causes And Treatment Of Facial Spider Veins
Facial spider veins are usually small, painless, and generally harmless. They are the result of small blood vessels near the surface of the skin which have become, for whatever reason, overly dilated. Spider veins and broken capillaries, whether they are facial spider veins or are present elsewhere on the body, go under the somewhat tongue-twisting medical term, telangiectasia. Spider veins are not to be confused with varicose veins, which are much larger and affect larger blood vessels, although the two disorders share many things in common. Varicose veins can at times be painful, and may need to be operated on or removed for that reason. Spider veins on the other hand, particularly facial spider veins, are mostly more of a problem where appearance is concerned.
While there are products on the market designed to treat facial spider veins, most of these topical creams and lotions are only partially effective, if effective at all. Some may make the spider veins less noticeable, but generally do not eliminate them. There was in fact, not a great deal that could be done to effectively treat facial spider veins until the advent of laser technology.
Laser Treatments - Lasers used in the treatment of facial spider veins are called vascular lasers, in that they are designed to treat small veins and capillaries by causing them to shrink to the point they are no longer noticeable. A laser beam or pulse of a particular color will be more easily absorbed by tissues having one color than by tissues having another. Vascular lasers are designed such that the laser beam is a color readily absorbed by a pink or red spider vein, and not by the adjacent, but lighter colored healthy skin. The spider vein is thereby heated by the laser, causing it to shrink, while the healthy tissue surrounding it remains unaffected. Laser treatments are generally painless, or at worst may create a slight stinging sensation. If a large number or a mass of veins is to be treated, some medication or a mild anesthetic may be needed by some patients.
Common Causes - The more common causes of facial spider veins are sun exposure or chronic inflammation of the facial skin. Trauma or injury can also lead to a presence of spider veins. Excessive nose blowing due to illness or allergies can cause spider veins to form around the nose, and skin disorders, especially rosacea, can sometimes be an underlying cause.
Hormonal changes can also cause spider veins. Sometimes when these appear, they disappear again once the hormones come back into balance. Pregnant women, when undergoing hormonal changes, tend to be susceptible to this usually temporary condition. In this case, the spider veins, while they may appear in the face or anywhere, typically appear in the area of the pelvis or in the legs, where tissue is being stretched and stressed.
Facial Spider Veins Often Preventable - Facial spider veins are generally easier to prevent than to treat. By avoiding excessive sun exposure, and treating skin inflammation before it can become chronic, can go along ways towards preventing the emergence of spider veins. For some individuals however, genetics are involved, and family members my have weak vein walls or valves, meaning spider veins can be inherited, and may appear at a certain age no matter what precautions are taken.
Sometimes facial spider veins can return, even when treatment, laser treatment or otherwise, appears to have been successful. This situation happens mostly in the area of the nose, when allergies or illness, require constant nose blowing, putting pressure on the small veins, and causing them to dilate, in turn causing new spider veins to emerge.